Final Report available - summary of project results (pdf, 3Mb)
STRAIGHTSOL Newsletter - Issue 6 available (pdf, 688Kb)
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New deliverables available
Summary results booklet available
STRAIGHTSOL evaluation framework resources available
Open ENLoCC event videos available
STRAIGHTSOL Newsletter - Issue 5 available (pdf, 193Kb)
Kuehne-Nagel's video: Rail tracking and warehouse management (6:50 mins)
Demonstration poster presentations available to download
Demonstration A: DHL Supply Chain's Urban Consolidation Centre in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
PROJECT UPDATE - Final Demo Concept
The original demonstration concept was an urban consolidation centre (UCC) to alleviate the negative impacts caused by last-mile delivery in the commercial area of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat. During the design phase this concept was modified based on dialogue with stakeholders and industry experts and review of other UCCs. In order to sustain the model, distribution to small retailers was combined with distribution to City Council premises (a big demand attractor) and other supply chains already managed by DHL. This involved the adaptation of an existing logistics facility to accommodate the consolidation.
This demonstration has involved several stakeholders. DHL SC Spain is involved as the UCC manager and CENIT as a supporter in the preparation and design phase. The city council of L'Hospitalet has acted as the promoter of the initiative, especially through the merchants' association. And most important, the small retailers located in the city centre that volunteered to participate during the demonstration phase. The most challenging and time-consuming task has been the enrolment of the small retailers in the demonstration.
The demonstration began on the 18th of February and finished on the 31st of May 2013, with a total of 350,000 packages moved, approximately, with May being the most active month, as new receivers were added to the demonstration and as some stores took some time to switch their deliveries to the UCC.
Initial Concept - Background information
DHL SUPPLY CHAIN (Spain) planned a new Urban Consolidation Centre in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat in the metropolitan area of Barcelona. Both form part of the same continuous urban layout. The population is around 258.000, and the population density is about 21.000 inhabitants/km2 and there is a high concentration of commercial stores of wide variety of types.
Map of L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (study region in red)
Today, there is a high number of commercial vehicles entering the city centre, illegal parking due to oversaturated loading/unloading (L/U) places, lack of distribution regulations, but a clear willingness from the administration to solve the problems. The results are, low vehicle load factor, high operational costs in the last mile distribution, excessive GHG emissions and noise pollution, as well as severe congestion. In general, in the metropolitan area of Barcelona, there is however a lack of a clear and uniform regulation to favour efficient urban delivery strategies.
To improve the performance of urban freight deliveries in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, DHL Supply Chain operated a UCC to reduce the number of vehicles entering the defined area (last mile distribution) while maintaining service levels. The shipment consolidation in a UCC combines the loads of several carriers. The main 'smart' concept was based on consolidating the demand and the adaptation of regulations in a flexible manner (depending on Full-truckload or Less-than-truckload carriers).
DHL Supply Chain truck and loading bay
The aims of the city council are to organise and regulate urban distribution in the city centre and to follow the Sustainable Mobility Plan (promoted by the Municipality) in terms of congestion and other inefficiencies. In 2008, the city council joined a Covenant of Mayors in order to reduce CO2 emissions by 20% by 2020. The situation is expected to improve after the demo, with fewer loading/unloading operations, more regulated deliveries and a positive impact on road congestion. As more retailers and freight transport companies enrol to this initiative, the more (social) benefits will be achieved. Hence, the municipality will have to promote the use of the UCC for all the transport companies. The management of the UCC may be concessioned to a private or public company.
More specifically, the demonstration was expected to:
Illustration of the general scheme for UCC perfomance
The demonstration involved several types of stakeholders. These included:
The municipality is prepared to adapt the current municipal policies and regulations to design a flexible control system for freight vehicles.